Authors: Masterson JJ, Perrey CD
Title: Training analogical reasoning skills in children with language disorders
Source: American Journal of Speech Language Pathology 1999 8(1): 53-61
Year: 1999
Research Design: Non Randomised Controlled Trial
Rating Score: 02/10
This rating is confirmed
Eligibility specified - Y
Random allocation - N
Concealed allocation - N
Baseline comparability - N
Blind subjects - N
Blind therapists - N
Blind assessors - N
Adequate follow-up - N
Intention-to-treat analysis - N
Between-group comparisons - Y
Point estimates and variability - Y

The benefit or effects of direct training of analogical reasoning was examined in school-aged children with language disorders. Analogy training was divided into two phases. The first phase consisted of direct instruction in the componential processes of analogical reasoning, and the second phase included bridging activities incorporated into school curriculum and life-skill situations. The performance of the trained children was compared to the performance of a control group of peers with language disorders, matched for mental age. There was a significant positive effect for training on students' performance on verbal analogy problems.

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