Authors: Baumgartner CA, Sapir S, Ramig LO
Title: Voice quality changes following phonatory-respiratory effort treatment (LSVT) versus respiratory effort treatment for individuals with Parkinson disease
Source: Journal Of Voice 2001 15(1): 105-114
Year: 2001
Research Design: Randomised Controlled Trial
Rating Score: 05/10
This rating is confirmed
Eligibility specified - N
Random allocation - Y
Concealed allocation - N
Baseline comparability - N
Blind subjects - N
Blind therapists - N
Blind assessors - Y
Adequate follow-up - Y
Intention-to-treat analysis - N
Between-group comparisons - Y
Point estimates and variability - Y

Perceptual ratings of hoarseness and breathiness were used to assess the efficacy of two intensive methods for treating dysarthrophonia in individuals with idiopathic Parkinson disease. One method emphasized phonatory-respiratory effort (the Lee Silverman Voice Treatment, LSVT) and the other emphasized respiratory effort alone (RET). Perceptual ratings were performed by two expert listeners based on random order presentation of the patients' pretreatment and posttreatment recordings of the "Rainbow Passage." The listeners were blinded to the patients and their treatment group. Statistically significant pretreatment to posttreatment improvement in hoarseness and breathiness was observed in the LSVT group but not in the RET group. The present findings are consistent with acoustic and physiologic findings reported previously, providing further evidence for the efficacy of the LSVT.

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