Authors: Fink RB, Brecher A, Schwartz MF, Robey RR
Title: A computer-implemented protocol for treatment of naming disorders: Evaluation of clinician-guided and partially self-guided instruction
Source: Aphasiology 2002 16(10-11): 1061-1086
Year: 2002
Research Design: Single Case Design

BACKGROUND: Computer-based rehabilitation programs are now available for patients' use at home and in the clinical setting, yet we have meagre outcome data associated with their usefulness under self- and/or clinician-guided conditions. Aims: We assess the benefits of a computer-delivered, hierarchical phonological cueing protocol (cued naming) under two conditions of instruction, (1) with full clinician guidance or (2) in partial independence. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: We employed a single-subject experimental design, which was replicated over six chronic aphasic subjects, three in each instruction condition. Subjects with deficits identified as primarily phonological in nature were administered a phonological treatment, utilising a computerised therapy program (MossTalk Words), under one of the two conditions. OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: Training-specific acquisition and maintenance was demonstrated in both conditions. Limited and variable generalisation patterns were noted. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic aphasic individuals with moderate-to-severe phonologically based naming impairment can benefit from a computerised cued-naming protocol and independent work on the computer can be an effective adjunct to clinician-guided therapy.

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