Authors: Demmink-Geertman L, Dejonckere PH
Title: Neurovegetative symptoms and complaints before and after voice therapy for nonorganic habitual dysphonia
Source: Journal Of Voice 2008 22(3): 315-325
Year: 2008
Research Design: Case Series

Summary: In a previous study, female patients in all age categories with a nonorganic dysphonia were found to report significantly more autonomic symptoms and complaints than healthy controls. This could not be confirmed for the male subgroup. The present study is to corroborate and nuance this observation by investigating larger groups, and to determine if, after voice therapy, the number of autonomic symptoms and complaints—particularly those ones that have no obvious relation to voice function—decreases. It is a prospective study with a matched control group; 184 patients with nonorganic dysphonia and 126 normal controls answered a questionnaire of 46 questions with 3 subsets and a consistency control. One hundred and one patients received functional voice therapy and completed the questionnaire before and after treatment. A matched control group of 42 normal subjects also filled in the questionnaire two times, with an interval of about 6 months. Neurovegetative symptoms and complaints—voice related and not related—are reported in highly significant excess by patients (especially but not exclusively females) with habitual nonorganic voice disorder. After therapy, there is a highly significant reduction in the number of autonomic symptoms and complaints (related or not related to voice), to such an extent that patients report on average no more general neurovegetative symptoms and complaints than healthy controls (even less). The number of neurovegetative symptoms and complaints connected with voice function is also strongly reduced in patients after therapy, but remains in significant excess when compared with controls.

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