Authors: Gisel EG
Title: Effect of oral sensorimotor treatment on measures of growth and efficiency of eating in the moderately eating-impaired child with cerebral palsy
Source: Dysphagia 1996 11(1): 48-58
Year: 1996
Research Design: Randomised Controlled Trial
Rating Score: 04/10
This rating is confirmed
Eligibility specified - Y
Random allocation - Y
Concealed allocation - N
Baseline comparability - N
Blind subjects - N
Blind therapists - N
Blind assessors - N
Adequate follow-up - Y
Intention-to-treat analysis - N
Between-group comparisons - Y
Point estimates and variability - Y

Thirty-five children with cerebral palsy and moderate eating impairment were studied to determine the effect of oral sensorimotor treatment (OST) on eating efficiency and measures of growth (weight gain). After taking effects of maturation into account, 11 children who received OST (group A) exceeded their expected centile line by 1.7 percentile points after 10 weeks of treatment. Chewing exercises alone (group B) had no effect on weight gain. Although small decreases occurred in the time needed to eat three standard textures of food (solid, viscous, puree) in groups A and B, these were not significant. Children maintained their weight-for-age percentile line although at the lower end of expected norms. These children will be at risk of growth failure because of the increased energy demands once they enter their teenage growth spurt. The clinical implications of these findings are that prolonged mealtime and oral-motor therapies may be adequate through the childhood years. Thereafter, children's growth must be monitored carefully, and oral caloric supplementation is suggested to provide the necessary energy for growth. ©Springer

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