Authors: Al Otaiba S, Puranik CS, Ziolkowski RA, Montgomery TM
Title: Effectiveness of Early Phonological Awareness Interventions for Students with Speech or Language Impairments
Source: The Journal of Special Education 2009 43(2): 107-128
Year: 2009
Research Design: Systematic Review

This article reviews research examining the efficacy of early phonological interventions for young students identified with speech and language impairments. Eighteen studies are included, providing results for nearly 500 students in preschool through third grade. Although findings are generally positive, there are large individual differences in response to intervention. Furthermore, there is little evidence that interventions enabled students to catch up to typically developing peers in phonological and reading skills. Methodological issues are described, and implications for practice and future research are discussed.

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