Authors: Jitendra AK, Hoppes MK, Xin YP
Title: Enhancing main idea comprehension for students with learning problems: The role of a summarization strategy and self-monitoring instruction
Source: The Journal of Special Education 2000 34(3): 127-139
Year: 2000
Research Design: Randomised Controlled Trial
Rating Score: 03/10
This rating is confirmed
Eligibility specified - Y
Random allocation - Y
Concealed allocation - N
Baseline comparability - N
Blind subjects - N
Blind therapists - N
Blind assessors - N
Adequate follow-up - N
Intention-to-treat analysis - N
Between-group comparisons - Y
Point estimates and variability - Y

This study investigated the effectiveness of a main idea strategy and self-monitoring instructional procedure for improving comprehension of textual material in students with high-incidence (e.g., learning and behavioral) disabilities. 33 middle school students with disabilities were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. Students in the experimental condition were trained to identify aid generate main idea statements using main idea strategy instruction and a self-monitoring procedure. Results indicate that the instructional procedures led to increased reading comprehension of students in the experimental group on the training measure, which was maintained over time. On near and far transfer measures, the experimental group statistically out performed students in the control group on posttest and delayed posttest items requiring selection responses. Students in the experimental group maintained strategy usage 6 wks later on selection type responses on the near transfer measure but, not on the far transfer measure. Implications for practice are discussed.

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