Authors: Yuen HW, Bodmer D, Smilsky K, Nedzelski JM, Chen JM
Title: Management of single-sided deafness with the bone-anchored hearing aid
Source: Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery 2009 141(1): 16-23
Year: 2009
Research Design: Case Series

Objectives: The benefits of the bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA) for rehabilitation of conductive and mixed hearing loss are well established. Recently, the BAHA was used to rehabilitate patients with single-sided deafness (SSD). In this study, the benefits of the BAHA in SSD are presented. Study Design: Case series with planned data collection. Setting: Tertiary referral center. Subjects and Methods: Twenty-one consecutive adult patients with SSD underwent single-stage BAHA implantation on the side of deafness. Testing in sound field was performed using the hearing-in-noise test (HINT) in both unaided and aided conditions. Speech and noise signals were delivered through two speakers oriented in two test paradigms. The outcomes were expressed as signal-to-noise (S/N) ratios. Subjective benefit analyses were determined through two questionnaires: the Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit (APHAB) and the Glasgow Hearing Aid Benefit Profile (GHABP). Results: All subjects demonstrated significant improvement in speech reception thresholds with the HINT using the BAHA, especially with the 90/270 speaker paradigm, in which the mean improvement over the unaided condition was 5.5 dB SPL (range, 2.0-11.0 dB; P = 0.00001). Qualitative subjective outcome measures demonstrated additional benefits. Conclusion: In SSD patients, the BAHA provides significant subjective benefits and improves speech understanding in noise.

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