Authors: Molteni G, Bergamini G, Ricci-Maccarini A, Marchese C, Ghidini A, Alicandri-Ciufelli M, Luppi MP, Presutti L
Title: Auto-crosslinked hyaluronan gel injections in phonosurgery
Source: Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery 2010 142(4): 547-553
Year: 2010
Research Design: Case Series

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical performance of an auto-crosslinked gel obtained from hyaluronic acid (ACP-based gel) as an anti-adhesive agent and/or augmentative agent in vocal cord surgery for the treatment of vocal fold (VF) atrophy, sulcus vocalis, and postsurgery scarring as well as its tolerability at short- and long-term follow-up. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective multicenter trial conducted between 2007 and 2009. SETTING: Academic center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Inclusion criteria were patients with glottic gap due to previous endoscopic phonosurgery, VF scars, vocal cord atrophy, and sulcus vocalis. Forty patients who underwent endoscopic injection of hyaluronic acid under general anesthesia were enrolled. Two different injections sites were used: the thyroarytenoid muscle in cases of glottic gap for augmentative purposes, and the lamina propria for treatment of scars and sulcus vocalis. A voice-evaluation protocol was performed before surgery, at the first follow-up visit (3 mo), and at the final follow-up (12 mo). RESULTS: Follow-up data at three months were available for 38 patients, while data at 12 months follow-up were available for 27 patients. No side effects, hematoma, or infection and allergic reactions were reported in either the perioperative or postoperative period. Patients had statistically significant improvement in voice parameters compared with the baseline data at the first follow-up visit and at the 12-month follow-up. CONCLUSION: ACP-based gel seems to be a new tool in the challenging treatment of VF scarring, functioning as both an anti-adhesive product and an augmentation agent. Improvements in all glottal parameters and in both objective and subjective evaluation of voice performance were observed.

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