Authors: Buckmire RA, Bryson PC, Patel MR
Title: Type I gore-tex laryngoplasty for glottic incompetence in mobile vocal folds
Source: Journal Of Voice 2011 25(3): 288-292
Year: 2011
Research Design: Case Series

Objective: To determine the effectiveness of gore-tex medialization thyroplasty for the management of glottic incompetence (GI) in patients with mobile vocal folds. Methods: Twenty patients with glottic incompetence (GI) and mobile vocal folds were retrospectively analyzed after gore-tex medialization laryngoplasty. Pre- and postoperative outcome measures including grade, roughness, breathiness, asthenia, strain of the voice (GRBAS), glottal function index (GFI), and voice-related quality of life (VRQOL) were compared to detect surgical effectiveness. Two anesthetic subgroups were identified and compared: general anesthesia, via laryngeal mask airway (LMA) anesthetic, and local anesthesia. Results: Statistically significant differences were identified between pre- and postoperative VRQOL (P < 0.0001), GFI (P < 0.01), and composite GRBAS (P < 0.0001) after a mean follow-up time of 7.8 months. Both the LMA and the local anesthetic subgroups demonstrated similar significance across these measures. GFI and VRQOL scores demonstrate a moderate correlation ( = 0.71). Perceptual voice quality (GRBAS) correlates slightly better with VRQOL scores ( = -0.6; P < 0.01) than qualitative measures of glottal function (GFI) ( = 0.43). Conclusion: Gore-tex thyroplasty provides reliable medium-term improvement in both perceptual and subjective voice parameters in the setting of GI with mobile vocal folds.

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