Authors: Ritter MJ, Saxon TF
Title: Classroom-Based Phonological Sensitivity Intervention (PSI) Using a Narrative Platform: An Experimental Study of First Graders at Risk for a Reading Disability
Source: Communication Disorders Quarterly 2011 33(1): 3-12
Year: 2011
Research Design: Randomised Controlled Trial
Rating Score: 04/10
This rating is confirmed
Eligibility specified - Y
Random allocation - Y
Concealed allocation - N
Baseline comparability - N
Blind subjects - N
Blind therapists - N
Blind assessors - N
Adequate follow-up - Y
Intention-to-treat analysis - N
Between-group comparisons - Y
Point estimates and variability - Y

The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of classroom-based phonological sensitivity intervention (PSI) using a narrative platform for children in first grade who are at risk for a reading disability. Participants consisted of 59 first graders identified as at risk for later reading impairments. At-risk designation was dictated by one or both of the following factors: (a) economically disadvantaged socioeconomic status background and/or (b) speech-language impairment. Using an experimental group design, four first-grade classrooms were randomly assigned to either the experimental group or the control group. The experimental group's performance on the pre- and posttest reading measures was compared to that of the control group. Findings suggest that phonological sensitivity intervention using a narrative platform promoted positive early reading skill outcomes for first-grade participants at risk for reading disabilities.

Access: Paywall