Authors: Ward R, Strauss G, Leitão S
Title: Kinematic changes in jaw and lip control of children with cerebral palsy following participation in a motor-speech (PROMPT) intervention
Source: International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology 2013 15(2): 136-155
Year: 2013
Research Design: Single Case Design

This study evaluates kinematic movements of the jaw and lips in six children (3–11 years) with moderate-to-severe speech impairment associated with cerebral palsy before, during, and after participation in a motor-speech (PROMPT) intervention program. An ABCA single subject research design was implemented. Subsequent to the baseline phase (A), phase B targeted each participant's first intervention priority on the PROMPT motor-speech hierarchy. Phase C then targeted one level higher. A reference group of 12 typically-developing peers, age- and sex-matched to each participant with CP, was recruited for comparison in the interpretation of the kinematic data. Jaw and lip measurements of distance, velocity, and duration, during the production of 11 untrained stimulus words, were obtained at the end of each study phase using 3D motion analysis (Vicon Motus 9.1). All participants showed significant changes in specific movement characteristics of the jaw and lips. Kinematic changes were associated with significant positive changes to speech intelligibility in five of the six participants. This study makes a contribution to providing evidence that supports the use of a treatment approach aligned with dynamic systems theory to improve the motor-speech movement patterns and speech intelligibility in children with cerebral palsy.

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