Authors: Koegel RL, Bradshaw JL, Ashbaugh K , Koegel LK
Title: Improving Question-Asking Initiations in Young Children with Autism Using Pivotal Response Treatment
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 2014 44(4): 816-827
Year: 2014
Research Design: Single Case Design

Social initiations make up a core deficit for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In particular, initiated questions during social interactions are often minimal or absent in this population. In the context of a multiple baseline design, the efficacy of using the motivational procedures of Pivotal Response Treatment to increase social question-asking for three young children with autism was assessed. Results indicated that participants initiated a greater number of targeted questions following intervention. Additionally, all children exhibited increases in initiation of untargeted questions during social interaction in novel settings. Furthermore, post intervention data revealed collateral gains in communication and adaptive behavior. Theoretical implications of incorporating motivational strategies into intervention to improve social initiations in young children with ASD are discussed.

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