Authors: Hashimoto N
Title: The Use of One or Three Semantic Associative Primes in Treating Anomia in Aphasia
Source: American Journal of Speech Language Pathology 2016 25(4S): S665-S686
Year: 2016
Research Design: Single Case Design

Purpose: The aims of the study were to investigate the use of semantic associative relationships as primes in treating naming deficits, or anomia, in aphasia and to determine if differential treatment effects would be found if 1 or 3 primes were presented. Method: Ten individuals with varying degrees of anomia participated in the study. A single-subject, A-B treatment design with a cross-over component was used. A 1-PRIME condition (use of 1 prime) was compared with a 3-PRIMES condition (use of 3 primes) for each participant. Results: Visual analyses of treatment data revealed improvements in 8 of 10 participants. Meaningful effect sizes were obtained in at least 1 of the conditions for 6 of the 10 participants. Slightly more participants demonstrated meaningful effect sizes in the 3-PRIMES condition than in the 1-PRIME condition. Correlation analyses revealed a positive correlation between the number of teaching episodes and 3-PRIMES probe performance. Conclusions: The results support a protocol that uses semantic associative primes to increase naming accuracy in aphasia. The 3-PRIMES condition was slightly more beneficial than the 1-PRIME condition in terms of improving naming abilities in these participants, but there was no overwhelming advantage in using one or the other condition.

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