Authors: Jokel R, Meltzer J, J DR, L DM, J JC, E AN, C DT
Title: Group intervention for individuals with primary progressive aphasia and their spouses: Who comes first?
Source: Journal of Communication Disorders 2017 66: 51-64
Year: 2017
Research Design: Non Randomised Controlled Trial
Rating Score: 03/10
This rating is confirmed
Eligibility specified - Y
Random allocation - N
Concealed allocation - N
Baseline comparability - N
Blind subjects - N
Blind therapists - N
Blind assessors - N
Adequate follow-up - Y
Intention-to-treat analysis - N
Between-group comparisons - Y
Point estimates and variability - Y

Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) is a neurodegenerative dementia in which language impairment is the first and most dominant symptom. There is a considerable dearth of interventions for PPA although language rehabilitation has made headway in managing the disorder. Thus far, no comprehensive services have been proposed for PPA clients and/or their spouses. This paper describes the first structured group intervention program designated exclusively for people with PPA and their caregivers. This pilot project originates from a clinical service and presents supporting evidence for initiation of a larger study to establish an evidence-based intervention for PPA. A 10-week intervention program comprised working on language activities, learning communication strategies, counselling and education. Outcome measures administered to participants and their spouses before and after the intervention were compared showed improvements in quality of communication and coping skills in the PPA group compared to controls. Qualitative comments from all 10 participants in the active treatment group highlighted the necessity of intervention that is tailored specifically to the PPA population and addresses the needs of both individuals with PPA and their caregivers. All participants in the intervention group contributed to the study and are also co-authors of this paper.

Access: Paywall