Authors: Lee SAS
Title: The treatment efficacy of multiple opposition phonological approach via telepractice for two children with severe phonological disorders in rural areas of West Texas in the USA
Source: Child Language Teaching and Therapy 2018 34(1): 63-78
Year: 2018
Research Design: Single Case Design

The goals of the present study were to (1) examine the effects of the multiple opposition phonological approach on improving phoneme production accuracy in children with severe phonological disorders and (2) explore whether the multiple opposition approach is feasible for the telepractice service delivery model. A multiple-baseline, single-participant design replicated across two children, was implemented. Two male children who resided in rural areas of West Texas in the USA participated. One child was 4 years and 10 months old and the other child was 6 years old. Both of the children were diagnosed with phonological disorders without any sensory, motoric, or intellectual disabilities. The children’s articulation was tested using Goldman–Fristoe Articulation Test-2 and probes were administered across the period of the study. The children received a 30-minute phonological intervention via telepractice twice a week for 12 or 16 weeks. An increasing trend for production accuracy for target sounds was observed during intervention for both children. Maintenance also was observed at 2-week and 2-month follow-ups. Standard scores from a standardized articulation test increased during posttest compared to pretest. The multiple opposition phonological approach can lead to improved speech production accuracy in children with severe phonological disorders. Telepractice may be an effective context for a phonological intervention approach as has been found for other domains of speech and language intervention and a useful service delivery model to underserved children with speech disorders who are unable to access a speech pathologist due to various circumstances.

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