Authors: Mozeiko J, Myers EB, Coelho CA
Title: Treatment Response to a Double Administration of Constraint-Induced Language Therapy in Chronic Aphasia
Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research 2018 61(7): 1664-1690
Year: 2018
Research Design: Single Case Design

Purpose: This study investigated changes in oral–verbal expressive language associated with improvements following 2 treatment periods of constraint-induced language therapy in 4 participants with stroke-induced chronic aphasia. Generalization of treatment to untrained materials and to discourse production was also analyzed, as was the durability of the treatment effect. Method: Participants with aphasia were assessed using standardized measures and discourse tasks at 3 to 4 time points to document behavioral changes throughout each of two 30-hr treatment periods of constraint-induced language therapy. Daily probes of trained and untrained materials were also administered. Results: Despite participant heterogeneity, behavioral results for each person with aphasia indicated a positive response to treatment following each treatment period indicated by performance on standardized tests, trained materials, or both. Treatment effects generalized to some degree to untrained stimuli and to discourse measures and were generally maintained at follow-up testing. Conclusions: Data support the utility of a 2nd treatment period. Results are relevant to rehabilitation in chronic aphasia, confirming that significant language gains continue well past the point of spontaneous recovery and can occur in a relatively short time period. Importantly, changes are not confined to a single treatment period, suggesting that people with aphasia may benefit from multiple doses of high-intensity treatment.

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