Authors: Amin MR, Achlatis S, Gherson S, Fang Y, Wang B, Born H, Branski RC, Johnson AM
Title: The Role of Oral Steroids in the Treatment of Phonotraumatic Vocal Fold Lesions in Women
Source: Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery 2019 160(3): 512-518
Year: 2019
Research Design: Randomised Controlled Trial
Rating Score: 07/10
This rating is confirmed
Eligibility specified - Y
Random allocation - Y
Concealed allocation - N
Baseline comparability - N
Blind subjects - Y
Blind therapists - Y
Blind assessors - Y
Adequate follow-up - Y
Intention-to-treat analysis - N
Between-group comparisons - Y
Point estimates and variability - Y

Objectives: (1) To determine the short-term effectiveness of oral steroids in women with benign vocal fold lesions and (2) to determine the effectiveness of adjuvant oral steroids in women undergoing voice therapy for benign vocal fold lesions. Study Design: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Setting(s): Tertiary voice care center. Subjects and Methods: Thirty-six patients undergoing voice therapy for the treatment of phonotraumatic vocal fold lesions randomly received either a 4-day course of oral steroids or a placebo prior to initiating voice therapy. Voice Handicap Index-10 (VHI-10) scores, video and audioperceptual analyses, acoustic and aerodynamic analyses at baseline, and patient perception of improvement after a short course of steroids or a placebo and at the conclusion of voice therapy were collected. Result(s): Thirty patients completed the study, of whom 27 (only female) were analyzed. The primary outcome measure, VHI-10, did not improve after the 4-day course of steroids or placebo. Secondary measures similarly showed no improvement with steroids relative to placebo. Voice therapy demonstrated a positive effect on both VHI-10 and patient-perceived improvement of voice in all subjects. Conclusion(s): A short course of oral steroids did not benefit women with phonotraumatic vocal fold lesions. In addition, steroids had little beneficial effect when used adjunctively with voice therapy in this patient cohort.

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