Authors: Boster JB, McCarthy JW, Brown K, Spitzley AM, Blackstone SW
Title: Creating a Path for Systematic Investigation of Children With Cortical Visual Impairment Who Use Augmentative and Alternative Communication
Source: American Journal of Speech Language Pathology 2021 30(4): 1880-1893
Year: 2021
Research Design: Systematic Review

Purpose: There is limited information about how to support children with cortical visual impairment (CVI) who require augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). An initial review designed to explore the available evidence was used to outline critical needs in moving research and intervention forward for children who use AAC and have CVI. Method: Previous systematic reviews, six databases, and theses and dissertations were systematically searched, along with reviews of the resulting works cited. An initial yield of 575 articles was narrowed to 10, which discussed AAC interventions that included children with CVI. Results: Three interventions were technology based, and seven were instructional based. The use of textured microswitches was the most frequent form of technology intervention, with the frequency of switch activations being the most frequently coded outcome. Overall, the studies represent explorations in the area rather than systematic lines of inquiry. Conclusions: While evidence shows at least some children with CVI have been included in AAC research to date, the inclusion is more incidental than deliberate. Issues such as clear descriptions of the vision capabilities and needs of participants may have impacted study results.

Access: Open Access