Authors: Sonbay Yilmaz ND, Afyoncu C, Ensari N, Yildiz M, Gur OE
Title: The Effect of the Mother’s Participation in Therapy on Children with Vocal Fold Nodules
Source: Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology 2021 130(11): 1263-1267
Year: 2021
Research Design: Non Randomised Controlled Trial
Rating Score: N/A
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OBJECTIVES: Vocal fold nodules (VFN) are a bilateral epithelial thickening of the membranous vocal folds. In this study, children with VFN and their mothers took part in voice therapy. We then compared acoustic analyzes and subjective evaluations to those in previous literature to determine whether voice therapy is more effective for children with VFN when their mothers also take part in therapy. METHODS: Children aged eight to 12 years who were diagnosed with bilateral VFN between January 2018 and January 2020 were included in this study. Participating children diagnosed with bilateral VFN were divided into two groups based on the wishes and cooperation of their families. Group 1 consisted of 16 patients; Group 2 included 17 patients. The children in Group 1 received voice therapy alone; children in Group 2 took part in therapy with their mothers. For all participants, the average fundemental frequency (F0), jitter percentages, shimmer percentages, maximum phonation time (MPT) and s/z ratios were measured. Pediatric voice handicap index (p-VHI) values were calculated as well. RESULTS: The two groups' measures pre-treatment and post-treatment were compared. Except for p-VHI, no significant difference was observed between the two groups. However, p-VHI post-treatment was significantly lower in Group 2 than in Group 1. CONCLUSIONS: Involving the families and even teachers of children with VFN in voice therapy can increase the effectiveness of therapy. The family's involvement increases the child's motivation in therapy. The mother's presence during therapy, supporting the child or even doing the work with the child, can be a very important source of motivation for the child, who may already be tired from school and other activities. Thus, the mother's involvement increases the child's compliance with and interest in therapy.

Access: Open Access