Authors: Finnimore A, Theodoros D, Rumbach AF
Title: PD Check-In: The development and trial of a supported self-management program for people with Parkinson’s disease following intensive speech intervention
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders 2022 57(1): 138-151
Year: 2022
Research Design: Single Case Design

BACKGROUND: Debilitating speech and communication changes in Parkinson's disease (PD) lead to diminished quality of life for people with PD and their communication partners. Maintenance of the long-term effects of treatment such as LSVT LOUD R remains equivocal. Development of supported long-term maintenance programs is warranted. AIMS: This article describes the development and preliminary outcome data for PD Check-In, a supported self-management intervention for the maintenance of speech and social communication for people with PD following LSVT LOUD. METHODS & PROCEDURES: A narrative literature review of the principles of self-management and social cognitive theory of self-regulation was conducted to develop the core elements of PD Check-In. PD Check-In was conducted in person by a speech and language therapist (SLT) for three participants at 6 and 12 weeks, and at 6, 12 and 24 months following LSVT LOUD. Outcome measures included vocal intensity (SPL) during monologue and the dysarthria impact profile (DIP). PD Check-In utilized semi-structured discussion to develop, evaluate, and support the self-efficacy and skill of the person with PD in maintaining speech and social communication. OUTCOMES & RESULTS: Six conceptual elements of PD Check-In were identified in the development phase: partnerships, self-reflection, maintenance issues, revision, goal-setting and maintenance strategies. Preliminary intervention data revealed monologue vocal intensity at 24 months post-LSVT LOUD was maintained above pre-treatment level, but below levels achieved post-treatment. The psychosocial impact of speech changes from pre-LSVT LOUD to 24 months post-treatment as measured by the DIP was variable. Qualitative statements reflected participant experiences underlying the clinical data. CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The theoretical and practical underpinnings of PD Check-In were defined. The impact of PD Check-In on three persons with PD was variable but positive. Further evaluation of the model is warranted.

Access: Open Access