Authors: Molteni G, Fulco G, Gazzini L, Laura E, Paiola G, Giacopuzzi S, Marchioni D, Pighi GP
Title: Prosthetic voice rehabilitation after laryngoesophagectomy: surgical and functional outcomes
Source: European Archives of Oto Rhino Laryngology 2022 279(8): 4085-4092
Year: 2022
Research Design: Single Case Design

PURPOSE: Quality of Life (QoL) after extensive head and neck resections is of paramount importance, especially after pharyngolaryngectomy or pharyngolaryngoesophagectomy where complex digestive tract reconstruction is required (with gastric pull-up or colon transposition). Tracheodigestive puncture (TDP) is the only vocal restoration option in this group of patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate postoperative complications, vocal outcomes, voice-related and swallowing-related QoL after secondary TDP in this cohort of patients. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in the tertiary referral center of Verona Hospital between June 2014 and June 2020. Patient demographics, clinical and surgical data were assessed. Speech objective and subjective evaluation was performed. QoL was assessed with Voice Handicap Index-10 (VHI-10) and M.D. Anderson Dysphagia Inventory (MDADI) questionnaires. RESULTS: Seven patients met the inclusion criteria, but two had died before questionnaires were administered. No intraoperative complications were noted after TDP surgery. There were delayed complications in four cases (57.1%) and all were treated with restoration. Intelligible voice was restored in all patients. Maximum phonation time and maximal voice intensity recorded were 5.42 +/- 3.27 s and 65.20 +/- 5.45 dB, respectively. Acceptable average VHI-10 and MDADI scores were obtained in all patients. CONCLUSIONS: Secondary TDP performed after gastric pull-up or colon transposition reconstructions are feasible and effective procedures. An intelligible voice was restored in all patients, with satisfactory patient-perceived voice-related and dysphagia-related quality-of-life outcomes.

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